Home Recording Studio Setup For Beginners

Do you love to create your own music? Did you always think that it might take a lot of bucks to set up a home recording studio? Well, then you might change your opinion after reading this article.

Of course it’s not free of cost but in fact, the price of setting up a home recording studio is quite affordable.

But you will need some components to complete the home recording setup. So here’s the first one.

1. Computer

This is the most important component and also the most expensive component among all the others. I will not go into the details whether Mac is good or Windows but in fact, both are good and can be used.

It would be preferable to use a desktop rather than a laptop because it’s easy to update as the parts are easily replaceable. But if you have a laptop that will do too.

The computer must have minimum 8 GB RAM  and a hard disk of 500 GB capacity so that DAW can work through alright. I will discuss DAW so no need to worry. If you don’t have a laptop you can find it on Amazon.

2. Audio Interface

An audio interface is a hardware which acts a joining point between the musical instruments and the computer. The sounds created by the instruments are converted into digital signals by the audio interface.This helps the computer to read and analyze it for editing the sound on DAW.

The instruments like studio headphones, guitar, MIDI keyboard, condenser microphone all are connected to the computer via the interface.There are many companies like

which manufacture good quality audio interfaces. But if you are looking for quality it is preferable to use Focusrite series.

 

3. DAW or Digital Audio Workstation

As I have promised to write about DAW, it is an audio software used for recording editing and producing audio files from the instruments. It is the backbone of music production.This software contains a load of functions to convert an unrefined sound to the finished product you desired.

Moreover, DAW software packages are used for editing podcasts, speech, mixing and anywhere the complex recorded audio is required.

The most amazing thing is that there are many free audio software packages. Some of them are

  • Audacity

  • Presonus One 3 Prime

  • MU. LAB

  • Tracktion 4

  • Ardour

This is perfect for the beginners with a tight budget.

But as usual, they have fewer features than the paid ones like

  • Presonus One 3 (Amazon)

  • Cakewalk Sonar (Amazon)

  • Steinberg Cubase Pro 9 Recording Software (Amazon)

  • Propellerhead Reason (Amazon)

If you are aspiring to be a professional sound designer then you will find that the free software is of not much help.Paid software are much better to work with than the free ones.

4. Studio headphone

Studio headphones are a bit different from our regular headphones.The vocalist or any instrument player needs to hear a clear sound without any external disturbances. These headphones are required to either to monitor during recording or for mixing sounds.

They are sensitive, very responsive to the sound and cancels all the external noise while recording.

For their two different purposes, there are two type of Headphones

  • Closed-Back Headphones for monitoring recording.

  • Open back Headphones for audio mixing.

There are a quite a few good quality headphones on the market.

So if you are looking for Closed-Back Studio Headphones here are some of them

  • Sennheiser HD-280 Pro (Amazon)

  • Sony MDR-7506 (Amazon)

  • Beyerdynamic DT770 Pro (Amazon)

  • Focal Spirit Professional (Amazon)

And if you are looking for some open back headphones they are a little costly but with a superior sound quality, you will certainly enjoy if you buy them.Some of the examples you are looking for

  • Beyerdynamic DT990 Pro (Amazon)

  • Audio-Technica ATH-M20x (Amazon)

  •  Sennheiser HD 598 SE  (Amazon)

  •  Shure SRH1440 (Amazon)

Studio headphones are an essential part of a home recording studio setup for both beginners and experts.They provide the exact amount of sound for monitoring the audio editing.

5. Microphones

Almost everybody is familiar with the term microphone or mic. It is a device used to enhance the sound of vocals by converting it into electrical signals so that the sound devices could transmit the sound on greater decibels.

It is also one of the essential components of home recording studio setup. The output of the vocals reaches to the computer through microphones.

But very few know that there are many types of microphones out of which two are mostly used. They are

  • Dynamic Microphones

  • Condenser Microphones

Dynamic Microphones are mostly used microphones because of its use in any environment, robust in design and water-resistant capabilities.It is inexpensive and is ideal for stage performances.

Condenser microphones are highly sensitive microphones for crystal clear voice output. It needs a quiet surrounding to work perfectly. They are really expensive and professionally used for vocals in recording studios.

Most of the people think that condenser microphones are better for recording but this idea is somewhat wrong. The microphones should be used on basis of what you are recording.

Dynamic microphones are really good for recording bass guitar and drums whereas condenser microphones are better at recording vocals, acoustic guitars.

Some examples of Dynamic Microphones are

Whereas some examples of Condenser Microphones are

  • Samson C01 Large Diaphragm Vocal Condenser Microphone (Amazon)

  • Behringer C-1 Studio Condenser Microphone (Amazon)

  • AKG P420 High-Performance Condenser Microphone (Amazon)

Microphones are best when used for specific uses. But if you are a beginner and just started for home recording studio setup then you should opt for dynamic microphones.

6. Studio Monitor

Studio Monitors are one of the most important components of home recording studio setup yet it can be optional. You can record or edit music without studio monitors but if you want to compete with the top music producers or pro recording studios it is a must.

This component is one of the main reasons why the normal recording studio setups can’t compete with the professional recording studios. Every famous recording studios ought to have a superior quality of studio monitors.

Let me explain, the studio monitors are different from normal speakers. They have the capability to provide the producer with the detailed sound information at flat frequencies, unlike commercial speakers.

The bass is a little bit high for commercial speakers to give a pleasant feeling to customers.That is why recording or mixing with commercial speakers is not possible.

If you are able to hear it perfectly you would know perfectly where changes can be made to enhance the music quality.

There is a fair amount of Studio Monitors on market.

  • Yamaha HS8 (Amazon)

  • PreSonus Eris 4.5 High-Definition 2-Way 4.5″ Nearfield Studio Monitors (Amazon)

  • Behringer MS20 24-Bit/192 kHz Digital 20-Watt Stereo Near Field Monitors (Amazon)
  • M-Audio AV32 10-Watt Compact Studio Monitor Speakers with 3-inch Woofer (Pair) (Amazon)

7. Accessories

And at last but not least is the accessories required to complete the home recording setup are as follows:

  • Pop Filter
  • Shock mount
  • Microphone stand
  • Cables

Pop Filter

A pop filter is basically a screen which is placed before the microphone to prevent the vocalist from spitting and produce sound explosions while leaving air from mouth.

They are very cheap but very important if you are a vocalist and don’t want to hear the sound of the air blowing out mouth while breathing out.

There are various pop filters on the market.Some examples are:

  • Wright Wp 101 Pop Filter (Amazon)

  • Generic Studio Microphone Mic Wind Screen Pop Filter (Amazon)

  • Samson PS01 Microphone Pop Filter (Amazon)

Shock mount

The shock mount is a type of mechanical fastener which is used to connect two parts elastically preventing from vibration and shock. This fitting is used to prevent mechanically transmitted noise due to vibration coming from the floor.

It is an important accessory as it also protects the mic from external damage.

Some examples of a Shock mount

  • Samson SP01 Shockmount Spider Mount (Amazon)

  • Rode SM6 Shock Mount with Detachable Pop Filter (Amazon)

Microphone Stand

The microphone stand is an important accessory required to hold the microphone. It’s best if its strong built and have a firm grip on the microphone holder.

 

Its ok for a beginner to buy an inexpensive one just for starters.

Some examples of microphone stand are as follows:

  • Kadence KAD-MSTD-M30 Microphone Stand (Amazon)

  • Samson MK10 Lightweight Boom Stand (Amazon)

Cables

There are many fancy kinds of stuff like studio monitors, audio interface in the home recording studio but most of them neglect one of the important component i.e cables.

A lot of cheap cables are available on market but it’s advisable to use an optimum value cable for longevity and proper functionality.

Eventually, you will require many cables for the setup but for the beginners, only three cables are now required to start up.

  • One long XLR cable for connection from the microphone to the audio interface.
  • Two short XLR cable for studio monitors.

 Conclusion

Making a home recording studio setup is easy and affordable if you pick up the optimal valued components of the above without compromising with features.

This is all about setting a home recording studio setup in short.

If you think I missed something or you have any suggestion about the topic you can comment me below.

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